by John Broadwood and Sons, London, 1816 Performed upon and signed by J.B. Cramer Continue reading


This instrument is virtually identical to that chosen by Thomas Broadwood (younger son of John Broadwood) as a gift for Beethoven in 1817. Signed by the composer and virtuoso John Baptist Cramer, who used it firstly in two performances in London with the violinist Francesco Vaccari, and later in Florence, where he passed it to the Marquis of Douglas.

Study 22 from Cramer’s Studio